OJPCR: The Online Journal of
Peace and Conflict Resolution is a resource for students, teachers and
practitioners in fields relating to the reduction and elimination of
destructive conflict. It is a free, yet valuable, source of information to aid
anyone trying to work toward a less violent and more cooperative
Peacekeeping to Peacebuilding
Violence to Peace: Terrorism and Human Rights in Sri Lanka
Empowerment as the Missing Ingredient for a Resolution of the Israel/Palestine
Creating a More Peaceful Classroom Community by Assessing Student
Participation and Process
Democracy (Not Practice It): Explanations of Dyadic Democratic Intervention
the Colombia Peace Process Fail?
Reconciliation: The Road Not Taken in Namibia
Crisis Response Initiative: Its Workability as a Framework for Conflict
Prevention and Resolution
Culture, Gender, Power and Conflict in Melanie Thernstrom's
Halfway Heaven: Diary of a Harvard Murder
Perpetual Peace: A New Look at this Centuries-Old Quest
of Bloody Sunday
Jewish Group: Highlighting the Culture Problem in Nation-States
How Can I
Teach Peace When the Book Only Covers War?
Cooperation in Pluralistic Societies: An Analytic Mathematical
Publications of Interest
Conflict Resolution |
Ethnic Conflict | History |
International Relations/Diplomacy |
Reconciliation | General
|Another Such Victory: President Truman
and the Cold War, 1945-1953
By Arnold A. Offner. 2002.
Calif., Stanford University Press. Harback $37.95.
Few of the books we
see at OJPCR are good guides about how to exacerbate conflict, but Arnold
Offner's contrarian analysis is just that. This well-written and extensively
researched book argues that Truman's lack of both experience and vision led to
poor decision making and likely increased the intensity of the Cold War. He
argues that the actions of Stalin and Mao cannot be evaluated without
considering the extent to which Truman influenced them and the Truman's
parochial and nationalistic worldview increased, rather than decreased, the
dangers during his presidency.
Current critics of contemporary American
foreign policy will be especially interested in Offner's description of how
Truman's views "caused him to disregard contrary views, to engage in simplistic
analogizing, to show little ability to comprehend the basis for other nations'
policies, and to demonize those leaders or nations who would not bend to the
will of the U.S."
The Lotus Unleashed: The Buddhist Peace Movement
in South Vietnam, 1964-1966
By Robert J. Topmiller. 2002.
KY, University Press of Kentucky. 214 pp with index. Cloth $35.00.
There are many books examining many aspects of the peace movement in
the US during the Vietnam war, but we have seen little about indigenous efforts
to stop the conflict. Robert Topmiller addresses this in his examination of the
Buddhist Movement from 1964 until the Buddhist Crisis in 1966.
period, activists in the Buddhist Movement attempted to create a democratic
government in Saigon that incorporated the will of the Vietnamese people and
the political desires of both the existent government and the National
Liberation Front. This movement successfully overthrew a succession of
American-backed governments in Saigon, and Topmiller raises the possibility
that its support indicates that a majority of South Vietnamese may have opposed
American involvement in the conflict.
The Lotus Unleashed makes an
already complex conflict more so, but in doing so it also suggests greater
opportunities at peacemaking in future conflicts.
War Endgame : Oral History, Analysis, Debates
Edited by William C.
University Park, Pa., Pennsylvania State University Press.
346 pp with index. Hardback $60.00, paperback $25.00
In 1996, Princeton
University's Woodrow Wilson School and the Baker Institute for Public Policy at
Rice University held a conference of nine high-level officials from the
American and Soviet governments at the time of the end of the Cold War
(1989-1991). This conference was led by former Secretary of State James Baker
and former foreign minister Aleksandr Bessmertnykh and provided a forum for
these officials to discuss their experiences in that tumultuous foreign-policy
era. The first four chapters of Cold War Endgame are verbatim transcripts of
sessions at the conference. These are followed by two providing analysis of the
end of the Cold War and three covering debates about the events.
It is rare
to have a volume that integrates pure primary sources along with scholarly
analysis, and much of the pleasure in Cold War Engame comes from jumping
between the participant's discussions and the analysis that follows. Much more
will be written about this period of foreign policy history, but it is likely
that Cold War Endgame will provide the foundation for these works.
Cultural Exchange & The Cold War: Raising the Iron
By Yale Richmond. 2003.
University Park, Pennsylvania State
University Press. 250 pp with index. Cloth $35.00.
Based on both his
own experiences in the foreign service and interviews with participants, Yale
Richmond documents the experience and impact of the approximately 50,000
Soviets who came to the US in cultural exchange programs between 1958 and 1988.
Richmond proposes that the fall of the Soviet Union was the result of a
revolution of ideas which itself rose from the cultural exchange programs after
the death of Stalin. Richmond's insider's insights add flavor to the book and
make a compelling argument for the success of the US policy to encourage the
"Westernization" of the Soviet Union instead of direct confrontation.
America Attacks Japan: The Invasion that Never Was
Tim Maga. 2002.
Lexington, Ky., University Press of Kentucky. 194 pp with
index. Cloth $25.00
Tim Maga worked with sources in both the U.S. and
Japan to develop this comprehensive examination of a military campaign that
never happened. The morality and pragmatic value of using atomic bombs on
Hiroshima and Nagasaki has been debated since 1945, but no scholar has
comprehensively analyzed the likely plans for an invasion of Japan by US
forces. In lieu of this, the discussion about the end of World War II has
relied largely on supposition from the time.
Maga remedies this by
producing a very compelling description of both Allied attack plans and likely
Japanese responses, based both on documents from the National Archives and the
Douglas McArthur Archives and interviews with military planners in the US and
Japan. Along with covering the military option, Maga discusses alternatives,
from diplomacy and economic coercion to assassination.
While Maga's book is
relevant to the atom bomb debate, it stretches far beyond the comparison of
plans and the calculation of casualties. He also makes a strong effort to
present the story of the end of the war from a variety or perspectives and, in
the end, add much complexity to a decision and sequence that has been viewed